Types of Daycares
There are various kinds of daycares in Quebec. Some daycares only accept children 18 months or older. They may offer full or part-time services, or services with flexible scheduling. They can take in up to 80 children 0 to 5 years old. Daycares are regulated and monitored by the government; however, they can offer different programs and activities.
Early Childhood Centres / Centre de la petite enfance (CPE)
These non-profit childcare centres provide spaces for a reduced contribution starting at $7.55 a day. Daily fees vary depending on household income. Two thirds of the board of directors are parents whose children attend the centre.
These for-profit, privately run daycares offer spaces for a reduced contribution starting at $7.55 a day. Daily fees vary depending on household income. The Student's Society of McGill University (SSMU) runs the SSMU Daycare in the Downtown Campus.
Private, Unsubsidized Daycares
These daycares are for-profit and are privately run. A private unsubsidized daycare can set its own rates (usually $35 or more a day). Parents may be entitled to a tax credit based on family income.
Home-based Daycares / Milieu familial
These daycares are run by providers in private homes. There may be reduced contribution places available, starting at $7.55 per day. Daily fees vary depending on household income. If there are 6 children or fewer, it is not mandatory for the daycare to be recognized by a coordinating office. They can only accept 2 infants (under 18 months.) If there are 7-9 children, the daycare must be recognized by a coordinating office. They can only accept 4 infants. There must be a daycare provider and an assistant on site.
Registering for Daycare
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Cost of Daycare
Daily fees at a subsidized daycare start at $7.55 a day. At an unsubsidized daycare, the daily fees can range from $35 to $60. The Quebec Ministry of Finance has a tool that will calculate the daily cost of daycare after applying provincial and federal tax benefits and deductions. It takes into consideration the parents' income, and the fees at a subsidized or unsubsidized daycare: Daycare Cost Calculator.
Childcare Tax Credits and Benefits
To learn more about claiming a tax credit, qualifying expenses, and obtaining advanced payments, please visit:
Revenue Quebec's Quebec Tax Credits for Childcare Expenses